Weils Disease

Weil's Disease (LEPTOSPIROSIS)

There are rat populations at Society fisheries, which increases the possibility of anyone fishing contracting Weil’s Disease, also known as Leptospirosis. This article aims to provide basic information about the disease and simple measures to reduce the risk of infection.

Leptospirosis is a disease that can be passed from animals to humans. Leptospirosis is caused by bacteria of the genus Leptospira, (referred to as Leptospires) which infect a variety of wild and domestic animals. The animals can then spread the Leptospires in their urine. Common animal reservoirs (maintenance hosts) include rodents, cattle and pigs.

Human infection occurs through exposure to water or an environment contaminated by infected animal urine, and has been associated with a variety of occupations such as farming which can involve direct or indirect contact with infected urine or recreational pursuits. In the UK, such activities include canoeing, windsurfing, swimming in lakes and rivers, pot holing and fishing.

How do animals carry Leptospirosis?
Infected animals carry the bacteria in their kidneys. They can excrete Leptospires in their urine for some time, and spread infection to other animals or humans coming into contact with the urine. Often the infected animal does not become ill. For example, both rats, which carry the type known as Leptospira lcterohaemorrhagiae, and cattle, which carry another strain (L.hardjo), appear ill.

How do humans become infected?
Humans are considered to be a dead-end or accidental host of Leptospires. Infection may be acquired by direct or indirect contact with affected urine, tissues, or secretions. Leptospires enter the body through cut or damaged skin, but may also pass across damaged or intact mucous membranes, and the eyes.

What are the symptoms?
Leptospirosis can be used to describe infections in both man and animals caused by any pathogenic strain of Leptospire. In humans it causes a wide range of symptoms, although some infected people appear healthy. All forms of Leptospirosis start in a similar way. Leptospirosis is an acute biphasic illness. Some cases may be asymptomatic or may present in the first phase with onset of a flu-like illness, with a severe headache, chills, muscle aches and vomiting. This is known as the bacteraemic phase, when the Leptospires spread through the blood to many tissues, including the brain. This phase may resolve without treatment. In some cases, an immune phase may return with a return of fever, jaundice (yellow skin and eyes), red eyes, abdominal pain, diarrhoea, or a rash. In more severe cases their may be failure of some organs, e.g. the kidneys, or meningitis. Generally, cases will recover within two to six weeks but some may take up to three months. After infection, immunity develops against the infecting strain, but this may not fully protect against infection with unrelated strains.

Diagnosis.
As many of these symptoms are the same as for other diseases, diagnosis of Leptospirosis is based on clinical suspicion confirmed by laboratory testing of a blood sample. There is a specialist reference laboratory for Leptospirosis in the UK, which can be consulted by doctors.

How soon after the exposure do symptoms occur?
Typically, symptoms develop seven to fourteen days after infection, though rarely the incubation period can be as short as two to three days or as long as thirty days.

How is Leptospirosis treated?
Leptospirosis is treated with antibiotics such as penicillin or doxycycline, which should be given early in the course of the disease. Intravenous antibiotics may be needed for people with more severe symptoms.

Can Leptospirosis be prevented?
There is no human vaccine available in the UK that is effective against Leptospirosis. For people who may be at high risk for short periods, especially through their occupation, taking doxycycline (200mg weekly) may be effective.

Ways to avoid contracting Weil’s disease are very simple:

  • Wash your hands, or shower after fishing;
  • Cover minor cuts and scratches, especially your hands, with waterproof plasters before fishing;
  • Clean your hands before eating or drinking during your fishing session;
  • If you have flu-like symptoms after fishing go to your GP and tell him or her where and when you were fishing.
 
 
See more on PDF below…
 
(Photo courtesy of Member Ryan Went)
FEATURED IMAGE
Click to enlarge

TWAPS Updates

Our popup announcer contains updates and important information about society matters. Click the bell icon regularly to check for new updates.

Waste food, unused bait and litter

Members

Some of our waters, especially at the Inn on the Lake and Cobham, have recently been experiencing a vermin problem. This is being monitored weekly.

To help to prevent this situation continuing can you please ensure that you not discard unused or waste food and bait, and that you take it all home, together with all your litter, after your session.

Thank you for your cooperation.

The Committee

  • See more...

Chairman’s Matches 2024

Members

The 2024 Chairman’s matches are scheduled for 6th, 13th, 20th and 27th June – all Thursdays – at Shorne Country Park.

If you would like to enter please notify Dennis either by email at “djhangling@blueyonder.co.uk” or by text or phone on 07957 870245.

Please quote your full name and your current TWAPS membership number please.

The draw will take place at 5pm and then fish from 6pm until 9pm.

Please note that entrants are responsible for car park charges (£3.00).

Please see the full: match rules.

Thank you and good luck.

Access to Cobham

Members!
When visiting the Cobham fishery please DO NOT use the short cut track between the gate cottage and the main track cattle grid if it’s taped off.

Also please keep to the main track and avoid driving on the grass.

Members seen using the short cut when it’s taped off, or driving on the grass will have their membership suspended pending a Committee enquiry.

Thank you for your cooperation.

The Committee

Polite Reminder – Pike Fishing

Members

This is a polite reminder to inform you that fishing for pike is now banned on all TWAPS waters until 1st October 2024. Pike fishing is only permitted from 1st October until 31st March each year.

Thanks
The Committee

Inn on the Lake Fish Survey

In March 2024 a fish survey was carried out by AE Fisheries on the Main Lake at the Inn on the Lake. See the ‘Fish Survey’ section on the Inn on the Lake page.

Other surveys are to follow at Shorne Country Park, Cobham and the Middle Lake
at the Inn on the Lake. These are to be carried out during the winter of 2024-25.

Carp pellets for sale

Members

The Head Bailiff, Gary Bushell, has acquired carp pellets for sale to TWAPS Members at cost price.

If you would like to purchase some, or find out more details, contact Gary – BY TEXT ONLY PLEASE.

His number is on your membership card.

The Committee

  • See more...

Inn on the Lake – Main Lake Jetty

Members

The owners of the Inn on the Lake Hotel have complained that some TWAPS Members are feeding fish from the jetty.

The jetty and patio areas are STRICTLY OUT OF BOUNDS to all Members for feeding or fishing.

Any Member caught either feeding or fishing from the jetty or patio areas will receive an instant suspension pending a disciplinary hearing.

We are currently waiting for the CCTV footage to be looked at.

The Committee
TWAPS

Inn on the Lake, Main Lake, Swim 18 Closure

Swim 18 on the Main Lake at the Inn on the Lake is permanently closed.

The Committee
TWAPS

Stocking Update

Saturday 16th December.

Fish supplied by VS Fisheries.

Delivered and stocked:

At the Inn On The Lake – 2 x c7s:
One fully scaled mirror of 29lb 4oz, known as “Hammond’s Mirror”.
One mirror of 27lb 10oz, known as “Buxton’s” Mirror.
These two fish were named after the two longest serving Committee Members.

At Cobham
Cobham bottom pond – 50x c3 mirrors up 6lb 5oz.

At Shorne Country Park
100 x C2s in to Long Lake, up to 3lb 8oz.
100 x C2s in to steps lake.

Photos for Cobham and Shorne to follow.

TWAPS is always building and protecting our stocks for the future.

Only silvers and tench to arrive now – in the new year.

The Committee.

Dip tanks at the Inn on the Lake and Cobham

Members

It is compulsory for you to use the dip tanks provided at both the Inn on the Lake and Cobham fisheries. Please use them to dip your landing nets, unhooking mats (and cradles etc.) and weigh slings upon arrival at the fishery and certainly BEFORE placing your nets in the water or when you start fishing.

If you are found not to have done this you will be asked to leave the fishery.

Repeat offenders may be subject to disciplinary action.

Thank you for your cooperation.

The Committee
TWAPS